You will need the Flash plugin to view this publication

Download the Flash plugin for free here. Just refresh this page after installing Flash.
Also make sure that javascript is enabled in your browser.

Alternatively, you can download this publication in PDF-format - Click here.

Page 1
Page 2
Page 3
Page 4
Page 5
Page 6
Page 7
Page 8
Page 9
Page 10
Page 11
Page 12
Page 13
Page 14
Page 15
Page 16
First50Vails1962-2012 themakingofatownJackAfeck Asthisretrospectiveothelast50yearsmakesevidentleadershipinVailhasntalwaysbeeneasy.Beingboldandtakingrisksisnosurepathtopopularity.Butaninspectionothecommunitysdeningmomentsrevealsapattern.Actionsthatcannowbeseenasvisionaryaheadotheirtimerequiredcommitmentandresolveonthepartoelectedleadersthemunicipalstafandthecitizens.Newchallengeswillpresentthem-selvesduringthenext50yearsandnewleaderswillemerge.Theirsuccessesandvisionswillbebuiltontheremarkablehistorythatiscelebratedinthepagesthatollow.StanZemlerVailTownManager2003-currentContributorsValsFrst50saprjecttheTwnValncnsultatnwthDrsBaleyDanaDnvanFrdFrckJmLamntBbMcLaurnRandyMlhanTerryMngerBbParkerGlennPrzakRdSlerTmStenbergandSuseTjssem.SpecalthankstClradMuncpalLeagueClradSkSnwbardMuseumEagleRverWaterSantatnDstrctValDalyValHmewnersAsscatnValMuntanSchlValRecreatnDstrctValRelgusFundatnValResrtsValSympsumValValleyFundatnandValValleyMedcalCenter.WrttenandedtedbySuzanneSlverthrnandAllenBest.PhtsrmthecllectnsJackAfeckBarryStttPeterRunynRbertC.BshpandValsClradSkSnwbardMuseum.DesgnbyCarreCalvn.Itsnoteverydaythatonehastheop-portunityandprivilegetobepartothecreationoanewtownletalonetohelpmidwieaplacethatinthespanoaewdecadeswouldberecognizedaroundtheglobeasoneotheworldspremierskiareasandmountaincommunities.WhatstartedasadreamintheeyesoPeteSeibertandEarlEatontobuildaninternationallyacclaimedskiresortsooncompelledtheneedtocreateanextgen-erationmunicipalgovernmentcapableoprovidingbasicandeverexpandinganddemandingcommunityservicessuchaspolicerepublicworksartandsymposiaparksandopenspacetrans-portationlibrariesandenvironmentalprotectionstoagrowingarrayolocalresidentsandinternationalguestsandvisitorsalike.TomarkandcelebrateVailsrst50yearsthetownstafhascalleduponcommunityhistorianstohelpcaptureanaccurateandcompellingnarrativeotheoriginsdreamsanddecadalevolutionotheTownoVailatownthatshapednotonlysnowmogulsbutservedastheormativelie-shapingexperienceomanyinotallwhocitizenorvisitorhavehadthesublimeexperienceatbeingatelevationinbodyandspirit.TerryMingerVailTownManager1970-1979VailsFirst50ARETRoSPECTiVE InsecuringthepermittoconstructlitsandtrailsonederallandPeteSeibertandhispartnerswererequiredtoraisemorethan1milliontodemonstratetheprojectsviability.Stockshareso10000eachwereoferedto100limitedpartners.Thisincludedourlie-timeskipasses.Therewasalsoanoptiontobuyalotor100ithebuildingwasconstructedwithintwoyears.AbovehomesonWillowPlaceareamongthenewresidences.VitalNecessities62Buildingaskitownromscratchdemandedmorethanlitsandtrails.Indoorrunningwaterwastewatertreatmentretrucksanduelwerealsoneeded.TogetthisdoneVailscreatorsstartedapropanecompanyandorganizedspecialtaxdistrictsorcriticalservices.TherstwasVailWaterandSanitationDistrictwhichwassetupin1962justaewmonthsbeoretheskiareaopened.Laterasthecommunityexpandedveadditionalwaterdistrictswereormed.CreationotheVailFireProtectionDistrictin1963enabledpurchasesoequipmentorusebyvolunteerreght-ersandconstructionoatwo-bayre-house.Eventuallymoreredistrictswereormedollowedbyawaveoconsolida-tioninwaterandreservicesinthe1970sand80s.HolyCrosstheelectricco-opwasalsopivotalinthestart-uptakingonrisktobuildoutmilesopowerlinesaterPublicServiceCompanydeclinedtobeinvolved.Idistinctlylackingglamourallothiswascriticaltothesuccessothenewskitown.SchoolingBeforeSkiing62VailCountryDaySchoolnowknownastheVailMountainSchoolwasopenedevenbeoretheskilitsbeganrunning.TherstclassheldOct.151962consistedoahandulostudentsgatheredaroundtheSeibertdin-ingtable.FollowingitssecondyeartheschoolstrusteeswerealreadyexploringexpansionoptionsnotingAschoolisthemostimportantactortoutureinves-torsbusinessesemployeesandcustom-ers.VMShassinceblossomedintoaK-12collegepreparatoryschoolwithacampusthatservesnearly350studentsromEagleandSummitcounties.AsecondschoolorVailwasconstruct-edatertownspeopleconvincedtheEagleCountySchoolBoardtofoatabondissue.RedSandstoneElementaryopenedin1977andwasbuiltonlandprovidedbythetown.TheimportanceoRedSand-stoneasacommunityanchorhasbeenputtothetestinrecentyearsastheschooldistricthascontemplatedclosureotheschooltoreducecosts.BooksCameEarlyAndaLibraryLater64NotlongatertheskiareaopenedVailhadalibrary.Itwasbynomeansconventional.AterinterestwasshownbyBettySeibertwieoPetetheColoradoStateLibraryloaned600bookswhichwerekeptorpublicuseatVali-hiBooksnThingsashopinthePlazaBuildingonBridgeStreetownedbyFranMoretti.Whenexpansionotheshopsmerchandiserequiredremovalothebooksspacewasoundrstabovethenewrehouseandthenin1972inthenewmunicipalbuildingwithhelpromFriendsoVailPublicLibrary.In1982votersapproveda3millionbondissueorconstructionoanearthen-toppedlibrarydesignedbyPamHopkinswhichopenedJuly41983.Newlyremodeledthelibraryhostedagrandreopeningcel-ebrationin2013.thenineteensixtieslegendsBillyKiddJimmieHuegaJoanHannahBillMaroltandBuddyWerner.55000skiersrecordedduringfrstseasonwith5littickets.twochairlitsthreelodgesLodgeatVailVailVillageInnNightLatchtwoshopsVailBlancheandVailSkiRentalsagasstationandatelephonepartyline.U.S.AlpineSkiTeamTrainingCampcomestoVailwithutureVailWaterandSanitationDistrictormed.VailCountryDaySchoolopenswithourstudentsnamedVailMountainSchoolin1973.VailMountainopensorskiingwithonegondola1962SkiClubVailormedsoVailcanhostsanctionedskiraces.OfcialopeningceremonyorVailMountainheldonJan.19withGov.JohnLovepresiding.VailFireProtectionDistrictormed.19631964SportsIllustratedtrumpetsVailinNov.23issueNeverinthehistoryoU.S.skiinghasabaremountainleapedinsuchashorttimeintotheour-starcategoryoskiresorts.Coloradoallowsrealestateownershipcalledcondominium.SooncondosarebuiltinVailfrstinstate.VailReligiousFoundationcreated.AnnualJazzPartybegins.VailMuntainopeningDayDecember15196EarlEatonTheFinderandPeteSeibertTheFounderoVailMountain.BarryStottBarryStottVailsFirst50196-01 TendingtoVailsMedicalNeeds65VailsmedicalserviceshavelongbeentracedtoJohnD.Murchi-sononeotheskicompanysoriginalinvestorswhohadaskiingaccidentin1964.BecausetherewasnoplacetoreceivemedicalcareinVailapartromwhathereceivedromtheskipatrolandaprimitiveclinicintheRedLionbuild-inghewastakentoAspentobetreatedbylong-timeriendDr.RobertOdenwhoagreedtohelpwithVailsemergingmedicalneeds.Atthestartothe1965skiseasonthetwomencreatedtheVailClinicInc.housingitintheMillCreekCourtBuild-ingandhiringDr.TomSteinbergasthecommunitysrstull-timephysician.Theclinicmovedtoanewly-constructedbuildingonWestMeadowDrivein1967.Thenextstepwastobuildahospital.Murchisonaspresidentotheboardsetupaoundationtoachievethatgoalandin1969aretiredexecutivewhomovedtoVailull-timein1965GordonBrittanagreedtoserveaschairmanothecam-paigntoraise770000orconstruction.In1979awingtothemedicalclinicwascompletedandgraduallytheclinicexpandedtoaccommodateobstetricsgeneralsurgeryandorthopaedics.Initsrstyearasaull-servicehospitalin1980theVailValleyMedicalCenterhad350surgicaloperationsperormedand25ull-timephysiciansonsta.Therewere65babiesbornthatyeartoo.LettorightMayorTedKindelDr.TomSteinbergandBobParkeroVailAssociatesarepicturedinrontothenewmedicalcliniconWestMeadowDrive.1965Vailhosts10thMountainDivisionReunionlaunchingsummerconventionbusiness.ToursoverVailVillageoeredor10perpersoninBellbubble-ronthelicopter.TakingaSwingatSummerDiversity66Theideaorayear-roundresortemergedrapidlyamongVailsbraintrust.WithagrowingnumberolodgesshopsandrestaurantsalreadyinplacethenextlogicalscenariowastodrawvisitorsduringthesummertoderaythecostsooperationandulllaloanrequirementbytheSmallBusinessAdministration.Vailssummerconventionbusinessgotitsstartin1965whenithostedthe10thMountainDivisionReunion.In1966theVailMetropolitanRecreationDistrictwasormedwithDickHausermanBobParkerTedKindelPeteSeibertandWarrenPulisservingasitsrstboardodirectors.Thepaperworkledwiththecourtdescribedthedistrictsintenttoconstructagolcoursetenniscourtsandshingstreamimprovementsalongwithhorsebackridingstablesandaswimmingpool.Priortothedistrictsormationa9-holegolcoursehadbeenconstructedinthemeadowseastotownatthebaseoGoldenPeakbyVailAssociates.In1969anadditional9holeswereconstructedunderthedirectionoBenKruegertherecreationdistrictsmanager.TwoyearsearlierVailsrsttenniscourtwasbuiltnearGoldenPeak.Shortlyaterormalizediceskatingwasintroducedonafoodedtenniscourtandbytheendothe1960saNordictrackwasinuse.AnoldtimemelodramawrittenandproducedbyJohnDobsonprovidedadditionalentertainment.EarlyPlanningPrinCiPlEsadoPtEdintownCodEsBeoreVailbecameatowntheoriginalinvestmentgroupreliedonresidentarchitectFitzhughScottalongwithbuilderDickHausermanandFritzBenedictaseasonedarchitectromAspentodesigntheirnewskivillagewithaEuropeaninfuence.IncludedwasScottsinsistencethatBridgeStreetbecurvedtocreatecuriosityaboutwhatliesahead.Theirworkhasbecomeatextbookexampleomasterplanning.AsmembersothearchitecturalcommitteethetriocareullyguidedthedesignthemesusedtocreateVailsrstcommercialbuildingsandresidences.Aseachpieceogroundwassoldandplattedcovenantswereplacedonthepropertytoestablishuses.Thesedesignationsincludedmixedcommercialandresidentialtowncentersapartmentcondominiumareasandsingleamilyduplexresidencesaswellasopenspaceandrecreationareas.Thecovenantsalsoaddressedthesuitabilityandqualityobuildingmaterialsandtheimpactonneighboringpropertiesmakingcertainthatnoimprovementwillbesosimilarordissimilartoothersinthevicinitythatvaluesmonetaryoraestheticwillbeimpaired.ThecovenantsbecameamasterulplanningdoctrineorVailandwereusedasthebasisorthetownsrstzoningordinancesin1969.GiantStepsLit1installedinVailVillage.VailResortAssocia-tionormedheadedbyGaynorMiller.Littickets6perday.42SkiSchoolinstructorsheadedbyMorrieShepard.ChristianiaatVailroomsrom8perpersonnightlydoubleoccupancy4-bunkNightLatchdormitoryroom106weekly.VailCountryDaySchoolAnnualRummageSaleund-raiserbegins.Originally9holesVailsfrstgolcoursewasbuiltin1966atthebaseoGoldenPeak.TheamousbendinBridgeStreetandtheoverallpedestrianlayoutoVailVillagehasbecomeatextbookexampleomasterplanning.FitzhughScottBarryStottPeterRunyon5ARETRoSPECTiVE GettingDowntoBusiness66AterincorporationtherstelectionheldonNov.81966seatedthetownsrstmayorTedKindelandsixtowntrusteesPeteSeibertMitchHoytJohnDobsonHarryWillettLarryBurdickandJoeLangmaid.HoytlaterresignedandJohnDonovanwasappointedinhisplace.TherstmeetingoverwhichMayorKindelpresidedwasusedtoestablishanorganizationalstructure.TheagendaincludedappointmentoBlakeLynchasinterimtownrecorderadoptionoRobertsRulesoOrderestablishingthedayandtimeorregularmeetingsplusordinancestocreatethepositionsotownrecordertowntreasurertownattorneypolicemagistratetowncoordinatorandtownmarshal.A5-memberPlanningCommissionandtheLocalLicensingAuthorityliquorboardwerealsocreated.Taxestoowereestablishedatthatrstmeetingincludinga2percentskilittaxanda2percentsalestaxonlodgingrestaurantsandbarsretailsalesopersonalpropertyandretailliquorstoresplusanagreementtoacceptapplicationsorutilityranchises.Thetownsrstbudgetwasalsoadoptedincluding104415oroperatingexpendituresand24710orcapitalprojects.VailBecomesaTown66InthebeginningPeteSeibertandhisinvestmentpartnersweretooocusedonthemonumentaltaskodevelopingaskiresortanditsancillarycomponentstogivemuchthoughttocreatingatown.Theywerentevensureonewasneeded.AsskioperationstastedsuccessSeibertthengeneralmanageroVailAssociatescametoadiferentconclusion.Couldotherspayorsnow-plowingmaintainingtheparkinglotspolicingandthemanyotherservicesneededinaresortItwastimetoincor-poratebuthowSeibertandhisteamlearnedthatthenewcommunityhadtooewpropertyownerstoqualiyasatown.ToreachtheminimumVailAssociatesdevisedasolutionbysellingtwosteeplotsabovethesewerplantonWestForestRoadto20couplesincludingDickandDorisBailey.DickanarchitecthadbeenhiredbyFitzhughScottwhileDorisworkedortheVailResortAssociation.WithenoughqualiedvotersnowconrmedtheelectiontoincorporateastheTownoVailwasheldonAug.231966.Approvalwasgranted43-19.ThetwolotsweresoldbacktoVailAssoci-atesashadbeentheoriginalagreement.TheBaileysandtheotherpartnersenjoyedatidyprotwhilealsohelpingbirthanewtown.InfuencingtheRouteoI-7068Vailhasalwaysattractedpeoplewithenvironmentalsympathies.Theylovemountainsandthenaturalenvironment.ThosesympathiesbecameevidentinadisputeabouttherouteorInterstate70.StatehighwayengineerswantedtobuildthehighwaydirectlyromSilverthornetoVailasavingso10milesascomparedtotherouteoverVailPass.TheroadwastoollowGoreCreektoatunnelunderwhatbecameknownasRedBufaloPassbutmarooningachunkotheGoreRange-EaglesNestPrimitiveAreaandsullyingtheadjacentnaturallands.SomewithinVailavoredtheshorterroutetoexpeditebusiness.Oppositionwasheadedbyseveral10thMountainveteransincludingBobParkerthevicepresidentomarketingorVailAssociatesandenvironmentalistsWilliamBirdMounseyandMerrillHastings.Theymaintainedthatshorterwouldbemoreexpensivebecauseotunnelingcostsandthesaetyproblemsposedbyrockslidesand25avalanchepathsalonebetweenVailandthespineotheGoreRangeandalsoarguedortheneedtoprotectremainingwilderness.In1968SecretaryoAgricultureOrvilleFreemaninwhosedepartmenttheU.S.ForestServicewasadministereddeniedapermitduetointrusionintotheprimitivearea.In1976withthesupportopart-timeresidentPresidentGeraldFordthetractwasdesignatedbyCongressastheEaglesNestWilderness.TheI-70routeoverVailPasswascompletedin1978.FirstsnowmakingsystemsinstalledatGoldenPeak.SchoolDistrictormsVailsfrstpublicschoolK-6absorbingVailCountryDaySchoolstudents.ClassesheldinVailClinicbuilding.1968VailTrailnewspaperoundedbyGeorgeKnoxSr.One-yearsubscriptionsoeredor5.LandmarksemergewithconstructionoClockTowerBuildingandootbridgeenclosuretomatchnameo1965newCoveredBridgeBuilding.Dr.TomSteinberghiredasVailsfrstull-timedoctorandopensasmallclinic.FirstinternationalalpineskiracesheldinVailthemostimportantcompetitionontheskicalendardesignedtoflltheo-yeargapbetweenFISandOlympiccompetition.InanticipationotheracestheskitrailisnamedInternationalnowcalledLindseysinhonoro2010OlympicmedalistLindseyVonn.GoldenPeakopenswithfxedgripdoublechairlitandpomalit.Halthetownsstreetspavedorthefrsttime.One-laneForestServicebridgeonVailRoadwidenedto2-lanes.1967VailsurpassesWinterParkandAspentobecomestatesbusiestskiareawith205459skierdaysa30percentgain.VailGolCourseopens9holes.VailPlayersAnnualMelodramastarts.1966VailMetropolitanRecreationDistrictormed.VailAssociatesLtd.dissolvestransersassetstoVailAssociatesInc.withstockoptions.VailvotersapproveincorporationotheTownoVail.WeTownCouncilhadtowritealltherulesandregulationstomakeatownfunction.Wearguedabouteverythingincludingspeedlimitsbutitworked.VailVillageviewfromnortheastspring1967.townoFVaillogoAfterusingavariationofthefamiliarVcreatedbyDickHausermananewtownlogowasdevelopeddepictingtheGoreRange.ItwassketchedbyTownManagerTerryMingertogivethetownitsownidentity.thenineteensixtiesJhdvTownCouncilMember1967-19806VailsFirst50196-01 ParksAhoy69Vailsrstparkhadratherhumblebeginnings.DespiteconcernsthathippiesandotherundesirablesmightcamptherethetownselectedasmallpieceogroundnexttotheVorlauerontheeastsideotheVillageoritsrstundertaking.PartoitsappealwasthepropertysaccesstoGoreCreek.Builtin1969thepocketparkwasaninstantsuccessandincludedtherstuseostonewalls.ThatuseostonewallshassincebeenreplicatedaspartoVailsvernacular.OnceknownasVorlauerParkthepropertywaslaternamedRogerStaubParktohonortheearlyskischooldirec-torwhohaddiedinahang-guidingac-cident.Alsoin1969theamousplantingsosummerowersbegan.Vailsnextparkwasmuchbolderthantherstandhasremainedaavoriteorchildrenthroughoutthedecades.TheimaginativePirateshipParkwascon-structedin1972onpropertythatwaseventuallydonatedtothetownbyVailAssociates.Councilmembersondlyre-callthecriticismtheyreceivedromskep-ticswhothoughtthe10000construc-tioncostwasexcessive.Theparkisnowconsideredacreativemasterpieceoritsuseonaturalmaterialsandhasservedasamodelorthetownsotherplaygrounds.VailTransitBorn69InNovember1969wellbeoreVailstransitsystembecameoneothelargestreesystemsinthecountryVailAssociatesintroducedapairorepur-posedschoolbusestotransportskiersorreebetweenGoldenPeakandLionsheadwhichhadjustopened.Thepurposewastomakeiteasytomovebetweenthetwogondolasandthetwovillagecenters.Thetownsoonjoinedasapartnerintheoperationsandwithmuchanareintroducedaprototypevehiclein1973witharrivalotheGinkelvanamini-busspeciallydesignedtonavigateinpedes-trianareasandoriginallycommissionedbyNewYorkMayorJohnLindsayoruseinMidtownManhattan.WhilethebrightorangeGinkelvanwasntpursuedasapermanentsolutioninVailprimarilyduetoitssmallsizeitsdesigneatureswererevolutionarywithaoorheightjust13inchesromthegroundnotunlikethelow-oorbusesusedtodaytotransportpassengersbetweenGoldenPeakandLionshead.MayorLindsaymeanwhilebecameare-quentvisitoroVailservingasthekeynotespeakerortherstVailSymposium.GeraldandBettyFordenjoyrstamilyvacationinVail.UpperEagleValleySanitationDistrictormed.FirstmajorredamagesCoveredBridgeStore.VailInteraithChapeldedicated.TelevisioncomestoVail.LionsheadbaseareaandGondolaNo.2open.ShuttleservicelaunchedbyVailAssociatestotransportskiers1969betweenthetwobase-areapodsVailVillageandLionshead.24-hourpolicecoveragebegins.Firstull-timepaidrechiehired.GameCreekBowlopens.VailsreebussystemmadeitsdebutduringThanksgivingweekendin1969toshuttleskiersbetweenGoldenPeakandLionshead.LatertheGinkelvanabovewasusedasaprototypevehicle.Anopen-airtramwasalsoexperimentedwithbeorethetownsettledonlargerbuses.CitizEnPartiCiPationtoPiCsEarlyrEFlECtionoFCommunityWhiletherstmeetingotheTownoVailBoardoTrusteesbeganwiththeormalityandstructureoabusinessmeetingitwasntuntilcitizenparticipationwascalledthatthecolorandcharacteroVailbecameimmediatelyevident.WhentheaudiencewasaskedtosuggestthetypesonuisancesthatshouldberegulatedbyordinancesuggestionsromthefoorincludedControlodogs.Publicintoxication.Dischargeorearmswithinthecorporatelimits.Skidoosmotorcyclesetc.Adequatetoiletacilitiesorthepublic.AdequatepublictelephoneswithasuggestionthattheVailTrailnewspaperpublishlocationsoallpublictelephones.Thatthemusicromthepublicaddresssystembecurtailedatareasonablehouratnight.Litterinthestreets.ExcerptfromNov.121966MeetingMinutes.SallyWarrenVailsone-millionthskierreceivesHeadskisandakeytothetownromPeteSeibertApril61968.ViewonewLionsheadskibase.ASanctuaryforManyFaiths68Religiousserviceswereinitiallyheldinavarietyounlikelyloca-tionsincludingtheCasinonightclubwheresomeotheattendeeshappenedtobeholdoversromthenightbeore.Ateridentiyingtheneedoramoresophisti-catedplaceoworshiptheVailReligiousFoundationwasormedin1963tostudyestablishmentoapermanentchapel.Followingatwo-year100000unddriveheadedbyRodSliertherealestatebrokerandMayorJohnDobsonandhiswieCissygroundbreakingortheVailChapeloccurredinSeptember1968onabeautiulsitealongGoreCreekdonatedbyVailAssociates.ItwasdedicatedinNovember1969.LookingbackSliersaysheappealedtosomeothemorenotori-ousdonorsbynotingtheymightndaneasierpathtoHeavenitheyparticipatedinthecampaign.TodaytheVailInteraithChapelisoneotheewcommunitychapelsinthecountrythatishometomultipleaithswhilemaintainingtheirindividualde-nominationalafliationsandservices.OfciatinginthegroundbreakingceremoniesortheVailInteraithChapelin1968arelettorightFatherTomStoneCissyDobsonMayorJohnDobsonandtheRev.DonSimonton.PeterRunyonBarryStottBarryStottBarryStottBarryStott7ARETRoSPECTiVE TownoVailmu-nicipalofcesmoveromMillCreekCourtBuildingtonewacilityonSouthFrontageRoad.VailPostOfcerelocatestomunicipalsiteateroutgrowingstorerontlocations.1971thenineteenseventiesVailSymposiumbegins.Denverselectedashostcityor1976WinterOlympicswithVailutureBeaverCreekpossiblevenues.SummervailArtWorkshopbegins.MarathonrunnerFrankShortertrainsathigh-altitudeinVailandwinsgoldmedalatSummerOlympicGamesinMunichGermany.ColoradovotersrejectbringingWinterOlympicGamestoDenver.1972VailpolicebeginusingpatrolcarsmadebySaabaspartovehicle-testingprogram.1973EnvironmentalistRobertRedordletwastheVailSymposiumskeynotespeakerin1974.HewouldlatercollaboratewithVailTownManagerTerryMingercentertoormanenviron-mentalproblem-solvingorganizationbasedinUtah.AlsopicturedisColleenKlinerightVailstownclerk.DefningHowaCommunityWillGrow73Bythelate1960sandearly70sVailwasgrowingatanalarmingrate.Newconstructionwasincreasingbyasmuchas25percentannually.Communityleadersdecidedtheirnewtownhadreachedacrisis.Thesolutiontheydecidedwastocreateanaggressivecourseoactiontoremedytheproblemscausedbyrapidgrowth.In1973asix-pageplanningdocumentwasadoptedthatidentifedaorward-thinkingmasterplanvisionthatcontinuestodefnethecommunitytoday.KnownsimplyasTheVailPlanitscomponentsincludeanemphasisonpedestrianconnectionsandmanyotheotherqualitiesorwhichVailisknown.ImplementationincludedSignifcantdown-zoningandreductionsinbuildingheight.RigorousdesignstandardsandprocedurestoensurearchitecturalandlandscapecompatibilitywithinVail.Creationoatransportationhubtoprovidecentralizedparkingtransitandvisitorinormationservices.StricttimemanagementrestrictionsorloadinganddeliveryactivitiesinVailVillageespeciallyduringpeakpedestriantimes.Extensivenetworkobicyclingandwalkingtrailsthroughouttown.Emphasisonopenspaceacquisitionandlandscapebeautifcationtoreduceimpactsosprawl.Developmentoamajorcommunitypark-culturalcenteratFordPark.TheVailPlanwasaccomplishedbyafrst-o-itskindpublicparticipationprocessthatengagedtheentirecommunityincludingtheTownCouncilinauthoringtheplansgoals.Itisprooundinitsscopeandtimelessness.townoFVailFlagTheupperbluerepresentstheblueColoradosky.WhitemiddlerepresentsVailswhitepowdersnow.DarkgreenrepresentstheevergreenorestssurroundingVail.Goldlaurelwreathrepresentsexcellenceandachievements.TheVailVissymbolicothesurroundingmountainsandvalleys.ThisfagwasdesignedbyDaleMcCallwhoheadedtheVailResortAssociation.FourthoJulyPa-radeoershorsebackridesromMahaneysStablesinEastVailoranyonewantingtojoinparaderoute.Eagle-PineyWaterProtectionAssocia-tionormedtofghtwaterdiversions.1970HomErulEandabiggErtoolCHEstCommunityleadersrecognizedthattheirast-growingresorttownwasunlikemosttownsinColoradoandtheyneededasmanylegaltoolsaspossibletoensuredeliveryoahigh-qualityexperienceorvisitorsreal-estatebuyersandresidents.InparticulartheyneededtheadditionalsalestaxrevenuesthatwouldbepossibleiunderColoradolawVailbecameahome-rulemunicipality.InApril1972voterselecteda9-memberHomeRuleCharterCommission.ChairedbyGerryWhitecommissionersDorisBaileyJohnDonovanJohnDobsonTomSteinbergMervLapinHansWeibelJenWrightandDavidGorsuchreplacedbyJimSlevinconvenedotenduringthesummerandwithhelpromTownManagerTerryMingerdratedasel-governancedocumenttoprovideanenduringrameworkorprotectingtheintegrityothetown.Submittedtovoterstheyapprovedthecharterinalandslide90-17onSept.121972.GeraldR.Fordbecomes38thU.S.President.VailbecomesWinterWhiteHouse.1974TinkGloballyActLocallyTeVailSymposium71IathleticismwasVailsprincipalortethecommunityshowedanewsidetoitspersonalitybeginningin1971withthefrstVailSymposium.TheinspirationoMayorJohnDobsonandTownManagerTerryMingertheintellectuallystimulatingdiscussionsquicklybecameacelebratedgatheringthatdrewupto1500people.Manyotheearlysymposiaparticipantsdescribedandcelebratedmountaincommunitiesasthelastbesthopetoescaperomtheurbancenterandreconnectwiththenaturalworld.Inthe1973symposiumFrenchmicrobiologistexperimentalpathologistandhumanistRenDuboscoinedaphrasestillheardrequentlytodaythinkgloballyactlocally.Anothermemorableyearwas1975whenPresidentGeraldFordattendedalongwithNewYorkMayorJohnLindsayColoradoGov.RichardLammandStewartUdalltheormerSecretaryotheInterior.Todaythesymposiumcontinuestostimulatecommunityenrichmentthroughitsmulti-acetedprograms.8VailsFirst50196-01 VotersBoldlyAgreetoParksParking73Vailsfrstbondissueswereputbeorevotersin1973withtwoboldundertakingsthathavehelpeddefnethecommunity.Abondtotaling5.5millionorconstructionoa1000-spaceundergroundparkinggarageinVailVillagewashandilyapproved207-31asthecommunitytookadaringsteptowardacarlessvillage.Duringthesameelectiona3millionbondtoacquire39acresolandwasoverwhelminglyapprovedbyavoteo229-8beginningVailspursuitoopenspace.Byasimilarmarginvotersthatdayincreasedthetownsalestaxrom3percentto4percentearmarkinghaltherevenuestopayorthetwoprojects.ThetownsacquisitionotheAntholzRanchpreemptedconstructionosome200condominiumsontheproperty.FollowingtheelectionthetowncondemnedthelandwhichlaterbecameFordPark.REOpenSpacePurchases79Throughoutmuchothe1970sthecommunityvotedtosupportvarioustaxesaswellasnumerousbondissuestohelpbuildamenitiesandprovidecommunityservices.InadditionthetownwasabletogainhundredsoacresoopenspacethroughnegotiationwithlargelandownersincludingVailAssociatesandthePulisamily.Yetthetownsgrowingneedssurpasseditsexpandingmeans.In1978voterswereaskedtoapprovea1percentrealestatetransertaxRETTtobeusedoropenspacerecreationalorparkpurposesoremployeehousing.Byamargino69to101votersorthefrsttimeinVailshistorysaidnotoanewtax.AtermuchdebatetheTownCouncildecidedtoenactthetaxwithoutapublicvoteandrefneditsusebyeliminatingtheearlierreerencetoemployeehousing.ApprovedinJuly1979RETTwasconsideredtobeoneothemostcourageousactseverundertakenbyaVailtowncouncil.Sincethen50percentotown-ownedland1100acreshasbeensetasideasopenspaceincludingmorethan400acresotown-ownedparksandnearly17milesobikeandpedestriantrails.NootherresortcommunityintheU.S.hasalargerpercentageoopenspace.ColoradoSkiMuseumfoundedopensin1977informerMountainBellbuildingatVailRoadandEastMeadowDrive.TragedystrikeswhentwogondolacarsinLionsheadfalltothegroundkilling1976TownCouncilResolutionnamesAntholzRanchpropertyasGeraldR.FordParkinappreciationofPresidentFordscontributionstocommunity.1977VotersrejectannexationofWestVailafterapprovingBighornandLionsRidgeannexationsearlierindecade.Votersapprove1.8millionbondforDobsonIceArenawhichopensin1979.RedSandstoneElementarySchoolopens.FirstAnnualJerryFordInvitationalGolfTournamentheld.JackNicklauswinseventand10000inprizemoneywhichisreturnedforfuturetournaments.VailNatureCenteropensinformerAntholzRanchhouseatFordPark.JulieCunningham24-year-oldskischoolemployeedisappears.SerialkillerTedBundylaterconfessestohermurder.1975TePricetoPayforCoveredParking74ParkingwasaprobleminVailromthebeginning.Vehicleschaoticallyparkedmostanywhereandeverywhere.Soonthecharmingalpinevillageintendedorpedestrianswasbe-ingoverrunbycarsanddeliverytrucks.Townleadersdeterminedthatthefrststeptowardapermanentpark-ingsolutionwouldbetobuildtheVailVillageparkinggarageonlandacquiredromVailAssociates.Theyhadthe5.5millioninbondsbutalsoexpectedtoderayoperatingcostswithproceedsromyear-roundparkingees.HoweverwhentheparkinggarageopenedinDecember1974theTownCouncilwasalreadyhearingcomplaintsthatthepublishedratesweretoohigh.Followingthefrstwinterseasonopaidparkingthetownadjusteditsbusinessmodelandparkingbecamereeduringthesummersthereater.Thetownsinitialparkinggoalwascom-pletedin1981withtheopeningotheLionsheadparkinggarageollowingapprovaloasecondconstructionbondtotaling7million.TodaytheparkingissuecontinuestocreatelivelydebateintheTownCouncilchamberswithopinionsdividedontheappropriatemixoreeandpaidpublicparking.1974-75ParkingCenterratesFirstHourNoCharge1-3Hours-1.003-6Hours-1.506-10Hours-2.00SkiSeasonPass-175Nov.15-April15AnnualPass-250ExpiresNovember1975SourceVailTrailSept.301974fourandinjuringeight.TheaccidentultimatelycausesPeteSeiberttolosehisjobwhenthecompanythreatenedbylitigationissoldtoHarryBass.bussErViCEOutlyingbusservicebeganinNovember1974followingaone-monthtrialwhenrouteswereextendedtotheSandstoneandBighornneighborhoods.Hourlyservicewasprovidedatacostof35centsperriderwiththetownunderwrit-inghalfthecost.Valhasalwaysbeenaplaceftheheartaswellasthehll.teymngeTwnManager1970-19791percentrealestatetransfertaxforpurchaseofopenspaceanddevelopmentandmaintenanceofparksandtrailsleviedbyTownCouncilordinance.Streetmaildeliverybegins.1979TownleadersquicklyacknowledgedthatamanagedparkingprogramwouldbeneededtopreserveVailspedestrianemphasis.PresidentGeraldFordaddressesaVailSymposiumgatheringin1975.RobertC.Bishop9ARETRoSPECTiVE ButisitArtClaesOldenburgsFishingPole83InplanningorasculptureorLionsheadVailofcialscastartosecuretheworkoClaesOldenburgwhohadbeenmakinganameorhimselromNewYorkCitytoLosAngeleswithhisenigmaticsculpturesootenordinaryobjectsandactions.Sizinguptheset-tinginVailhereturnedwithamodeloagiantshingpoletorise62eetaboveGoreCreekthepoleandthelinearcing160eetandyieldinganorange55-gallontincan.SomeVailresidentswereoended.Onecalleditsacrilegioustothestream.Iweneedanorangeshingpoletobeno-ticedthatssadsaidacouncilmember.MayorRodSlieravoredthesculpturepredictingitwouldshowerprestigeonVail.Hephilosophicallynotedthatthesculpturehadalreadyservedapurposeingettingpeopleinterestedinpublicart.Ev-eryonehadbecomeanexpertitseemed.AplayulinterpretationoOldenburgsshingpoleevenappearedatDowdJunc-tion.IntheendthetownpolitelypassedonOldenburgssculptureandhetookhis10000commissionandlet.TodayamodeloOldenburgsproposedinstalla-tionisdisplayedintheVailPublicLibrary.DonatedtothetownbytheRosenquistamilyitissignedbytheartistandin-scribedorVail.Ironicallythismodelhasbecomeoneothemorevaluableworksoartinthetownscollection.FunandwHimsyinPubliCPlaCEsThetownspublicartcollectionnowtotaling42workshasevolvedsincetheOldenburgdays.ThroughgenerousdonationscommissionedworkandtheoutdoorpublicartdisplayswithinprivatedevelopmentspublicartdotstheVaillandscape.Artistshavebeencommissionedtointegratecreativedesignsintosuchordinaryobjectsashandrailsmanholecoversgratesfencesandplaygrounds.Thetownspublicartcollectionincludesworkthatrangesfromsculpturestomuralsandfrompaintingstoenvironmentalinstallations.VailValleyMedicalCenterbecomesull-servicehospital.BeaverCreekopensorskiing.VailInvitationalFigureSkatingChallengepremieres.WestVailandIntermountainannexed.1980VailValleyFounda-tionthenon-proftcharitableorganiza-tionisoundedbyVailAssociates.LionsheadParkingStructureopens.VailDailynewspa-perestablished.Snowmakingca-pabilitiesexpanded1981withconstructionoSnowCentralmaincontrolacilityandmountainsfrstmajorwaterstoragepond.VailFireProtectionDistrictdissolvesandbecomestowndepartment.DebutoDavosDashmountainbikeraceandVailHill-Climbrunningrace.St.MoritzSwitzer-landbecomessistercity.1982thenineteeneightiesPursuitofaYear-RoundEconomy87Somethingsneverchange.OneotheearlycitizenadvisorycommitteesconvenedbyVailsrstmayorwastoconsiderapressingproblemacingVailtheneedoraconvention-typeacility.AstudytobuildoneinFordParkwasmetwithresistancebythosewhohadotherideas.Bythe1980sinterestinaconerencecentersuracedagain.Asbeorethereweremanybedsorrentbutnotmanycustomersorlongstretchesotheyear.In1987aproposaloraconventioncentercalledCongressHallwassubmittedtovoters.SponsorsotheproposalsaidtheconerencecenterwouldevenoutVailseconomy.Voterswerentsold.Themeasurewasdeeated.Aboutthesametimeaproposalwentorwardtobuilda5.5millionaquaticcenterinFordPark.Proponentssaiditwouldbeayear-roundattractioncompatiblewithskivacationsbutavailableatothertimesotheyear.Italsowasrejectedbythecommunitywhenvotersturneditdown992to199duringanelectionin1990.Butthedesiretoleveltheeconomyremained.In1993asecondattempttobuildaconerencecenteralsoailed.Thenin2002taxestosupportconstructionoaconerencecenterwereapprovedbutvoterssaidnotoadditionaltaxesoroperations.WilltheideareemergeTimewilltell.Firstuseorealestatetransertaxundenactedwithacquisitiono3.9millionElmorepar-celrenamedJohnF.DonovanPark.Townimposesbriemoratoriumonnewdevelopment.SisterCitiesbanners.Firefghtertraining.Durngthe80swesawashftfromeconomcdependenceonneghborngstatestoabroaderreachforguestsfromtheEastandWestcoastsplusnternatonally.inpartnershpwthValResortswebeganpursungthe1989WorldSkChamponshpsandmprovngourservcesforguestsandlocals.Wealsocompletedthepublclbraryandexpandedthefreebussystem.TheskcompanyandthetownhadcommongoalstomakeValbetterrosfeMayor1977-198500-007DavidLokeyThestonepaversonWallStreetinVailVillagewerecreatedbyartistCarolynBraaksma.TheseengravedimagesarecleverriddlesandwordpuzzlesthatidentiyskislopesgardenslandmarksandsymbolsoVail.10VailsFirst50196-01 VailonwHEElsinternatnalcyclngwasamajrattractndurngthe1980swhentheCrsinternatnalBcyclngClassccamettwn.TheValVllageCrterumandtheValPassTmeTralStagedrewthusandsfspectatrsdurngtsnearly10-yearrunandwasthenspratnfrValspursutfaddtnalcyclngcmpettnsncludngtheUCiWrldMuntanBkeChampnshpsn199and001andtheUSAPrChallengen011whchreturnstValn01.VailsCulturalJewel87Vailsculturaloeringsblossomedin1987whentheGeraldR.FordAmphitheaterandits1260coveredseatsand1300lawnseatsopened.Successhadntcomeeasilyhowever.Fundraisingo6millionhadstalleduntiltheVailValleyFoundationsteppedinraisingthenal2.2millionneededtocompletetheoutdoorperormingartstheater.Indoingsotheoundationbecameownerandoperatorotheacilityandwasgivenalong-termleaseothelandbythetown.TheJuneopeningwasattendedbyitsnamesakethe38thpresidentandMrs.FordbothothementhusiasticsupportersoVail.WillieNelsonperormedtherstsummerandtheHotSummerNightsconcertserieswaslaunchedalongwiththerstreePatrioticConcertperormedbytheColoradoSymphony.TheBravoVailValleyMusicFestivalhelditsrstperormanceattheamphitheaterin1988.ThatsameyeartheparkgainedanotherdimensionwithestablishmentotheBettyFordAlpineGardensthehighestbotanicalgardensintheworld.Yetanothermilestonewasnotchedin1989.TheBolshoiAcademyoMoscowhadexpectedtoperormballetelsewhereintheUnitedStates.ThatopportunityvanishedandVailleaptattheopportunitytohostthusbeginningtheVailInternationalDanceFestival.Formedin1981theVailValleyFoundationwascrucialinthisandothereortstobroadenVailsperormingarts.WildernessandWaterBattles88The1980sbroughtadditionalenvironmentalattentiontotheVailarea.AtertheendominingalmostadecadebeorethenalresidentsoGil-manthecompanytownlocatedaboutsixmilesromVailwereevictedin1985.Bythenstateofcialshadbegunnegotiatingcleanupominetailingswhichwerepol-lutingtheEagleRiver.Dependentuponrecreationinclud-ingshinginlocalwatersVailhadadirectstakeintheoutcomeeveniitsGoreCreekwhichhadbeennamedaGoldMedaltroutsherybytheColoradoWildlieCommissionwasunaected.Atgreatlengthrivercleanupbeganandcontinuestobemonitoredtoday.Vailalsohadaninterestinprotectinglocalwatersromdiversion.FrontRangecitiesDenverAuroraandColoradoSpringsownedextensivewaterrightsinandaroundVailincludingtheEaglesNestandHolyCrossWildernessareas.TheCongressionallawcreatingHolyCrossWildernessin1980speciedthatthedesignationdidnotprecludetheabil-ityoColoradoSpringsandAuroratodivertwaterrominsidethewilderness.ThetwocitiessetouttodojustthatexpandingtheirexistingHomestakewatersupplybyacomplexsetotunnelsandcanals.ManyVailresidentsjoinedanoppositiongrouptheHolyCrossWilder-nessDeenseFundandthelocalwaterdistrictalsobecameanactiveadversary.In1988EagleCountycommissionersdeniedthenecessarypermitsonenviron-mentalgrounds.CourtchallengesandproceduralissuesdelayedtheoutcomebutlocalinterestsintheHomestakeIIcaseprevailed.NoadditionalwaterletEagleCounty.Nearlytwodecadeslaterwaterow-inginlocalstreamswasurthersecuredthroughthecooperativeeortolocalandFrontRangewaterproviders.SkiWorldSpotlightFocusesonVail89TheeyesotheworldturnedtowardVailduringtwoden-ingweeksin1989whenthecommunityhostedtheWorldAlpineSkiChampi-onshipsundertheguidanceotheVailValleyFoundationandthescrutinyotheFISInternationalSkiFederation.Ithadbeennearly40yearssincetheprestigiouseventwashostedonAmeri-cansoilandmorethan1200volunteerswelcomedathletesandcoachesromarecord42nations.DespiteheavysnowallandrigidtemperaturesthatstayedbelowzerooroneraceVailandBeaverCreekdemonstratedtotheskiracingworlditknewhowtostageagoodshow.ThemillionsotelevisionsetsacrossEuropeandelsewherealsotooknoteowhatamajorresortVailhadbecomeanditsabundantpowder.Insuccessiveyearsinternationalvisi-torsspikedandthenVaildiditagainhostingtheracesin1999thersttimeinhistorytheeventhadreturnedtothesamesitewithina10-yearspan.TheskiingchampionshipswillmakeathirdappearanceatVailBeaverCreekin2015.VailPublicLibrarybuildingdedicated.Votersapprove1.6millionbondorreconstructionoLionsheadpedestrianmall.AmericanSkiClassicbegins.1983MudslidesrockallscauseextensivepropertydamageatSnowberryandBoothCreek.Townadoptsbuildingre-strictionsingeologi-callysensitiveareas.ColoradoMountainCollegecampusopensatCascade.1984GeraldR.FordAmphitheateropensinFordPark.AnnexationoEastIntermountain.Votersdeeat16millionCongressHall.BravoColoradoMusicFestivalounded.1987BettyFordAlpineGardensestablishedashighestbotanicalgardeninU.S.SnowboarderswelcomedonVailMountain.ChinaBowlopens.1988WorldAlpineSkiChampionshipscometoVailonlysecondchampion-shipsheldoutsideEurope.TamaraMcKinneywinsgoldandbronze.1989VailRecreationDistrictbeginseasi-bilitydiscussionsorpar3golcourseatBoothFalls.Projectendsfveyearslaterwhenrevenuebondelectionails.GeorgeGillettbuysVailAssociatesex-pandsocusonguestservicescompletesinstallationoourhigh-speedquadlits.StudentsonVailInternationalHockeyTeammakefrsttriptoChinawithMervLapin.1985AboveWorldAlpineChampionshipceremonies.LetCrowdsconvergeonVailduringtheCoorsBicycleClassicin1984.TheGeraldR.FordAmphitheaterwascompletedin1987.Atera9millionreconstructionin2001theacilityisbeingupgradedagainwithterracingothelawnseatingandnewrestroomsattheeastendothevenue.SportsFileCourtesyoMichaelAisnerDannCofey11ARETRoSPECTiVE inspredbythepastourgoalwastoensuretheongongsuccessofValregonaltransportatoncontnuedcommtmenttoopenspaceBlueSkyBasnroundaboutsandaffordablehousngforsaletolocals.Partnershpsandunwaverngdetermnatonturnedntorewardngsustanableoutcomes.PeggoefMayor1991-1995GrowthPactPrecedesNewSkiTerrain95TodaysBlueSkyBasinrepresentssomuchmorethanits645acresogladedskiing.OnceknownasCat-egoryIIIthemountainsnewestterrainisthecrowningachievementembeddedinanhistoricmanagedgrowthagree-mentbetweentheTownoVailandVailAssociates.ApprovedunanimouslybytheTownCouncilinApril1995theagreementidentiesaseriesoactionsusedtobal-ancepeakandnon-peakperiods.IncludedistheabilitytoincreasethemountainsearlyseasoncarryingcapacityviaBlueSkyBasinaswellasamanagetonumberoskiersonVailMountainatonetimeo19900.Thetownscarryingcapacitywasalsoincreasedwithcon-structionotheMainVailroundaboutswhichwerepartiallyundedbyVailAssociates.ThereviewoCategoryIIIwasexhaustiveandtheexpansionvigorouslyopposedbysomewithinVail.ArsonresonVailMoun-taininOctober1998laterdeterminedtobetheworkoout-o-stateanimal-rightscellswerethelargestactoeco-terrorisminU.S.historyandbroughtaracturedcommunitytogetherunitedinitsresolvetoovercomeadversity.KickingtheHabitCleaningtheAir91ForyearsacracklingreattheendothedayhadbeenpartothemystiqueoaskivacationinVailuntiltheEnvironmentalProtectionAgencycamecalling.Vailthecommunitythatcherishedthenaturalenvironmentwasapolluterintheeyesotheederalgovern-ment.Thepopularityowood-burningreplaceshadcausedtheairparticulatelevelstoexceedacceptablestandards.Onbusyweekendssmokesometimescreatedalidabovethevalleyfoor.In1980duringthePresidentsDayweekendthetowninitiatedasmokelessweekendcampaigntobringattentiontotheproblemosmokeromopen-hearthreplaces.Thecampaignbecameanan-nualeventormorethanadecadewhilethetownworkedtoaddressthevalleyspoorairquality.ApivotalturningpointoccurredinAugust1991whentheTownCouncilvoted7-0tobaninstallationowood-burningreplaceswhileallowingnewcleaner-burningwoodstovesornaturalgasreplacesthataestheticallymimickedtheold-ashionedreplaces.Conversionsoexistingreplacesweregivenincen-tives.Thecombinationocarrotsandsticksworked.WithinaewyearsVailsbrowncloudhaddisappearedandtheairqualitymetederalstandards.Tothisdaythetownwaivespermiteesonwoodreplaceconversions.thenineteenninetiesroundaboutsarEVolutionaryidEaIn1995VailsroundaboutsatMainVailwerethefrstotheirkindtobebuiltataninterstateinterchangeintheU.S.Cost2.8million.Trafclightswerethemostobviouscongestionremedybutthecommunityquicklydismissedthelightsasinappropriatemuchtoourbanandoutocharacter.PriortotheroundaboutsVailhadspent80000annuallytomanuallydirecttrafcduringbusytimes.StillcarsduringChristmasweeksometimesbackedup30minutesormore.FollowingthesuccessatMainVailthecommunityenthusiasticallyendorsedroundaboutsasthetrafcsolutionorWestVail.Constructionwascompletedin1997atacosto6.1million.TodayroundaboutsareanacceptedengineeringsolutionintheU.S.whichnowhasmorethan3000.Ateraour-and-a-halyearreviewprocessBlueSkyBasinopenedonJan.62000.VailvotersdeeatplantoconstructcemeteryonupperbenchoDonovanPark.Duringsamespecialelectionvotersapproveassaultweaponsban.VailHomeownersAssociationormed.Statedemographerconfrms73percentohomesinVailownedbypart-timeresidents.1991Votersdeeatsalestaxincreasestoundperormingartsandconerencecenter.Insameelectionvotersapprovede-Brucingquestion.1993UCIWorldMountainBikeChampionshipsheldinVail.Constructiono3.5millionadditiontoPoliceDepartmentcompleted.VotersseparatemillevyorVailParksandRecreationDistrictromTownoVail.1994ManagedgrowthagreementapprovedbetweenTownoVailandVailAssociates.EagleCountyvotersapprovesalestaxorregionaltransporta-tionandtrails.1995JackAfeckExpansionoVailVillageparkingstructurecompletedwithadditiono400spaces.In-boundsterrainparkopensonVailMountain.VailTennisCenteropens.19901VailsFirst50196-01 ThemnumentalsuccessesfValCmmnsandthetwnstherhusngprgramshaveallwedfrmrefamlesandndvdualstlventhetwnfull-tmeandmanylkemyselfhavebecmeverycvcallynvlved.KnewbyEmplyeehusngwnersnce1996TwnCunclMember00-011ValLcalHusngAuthrtyMember001currentliVinginVailSince1996thetownhashelpedmorethan175localemployeespurchasehomeswithinVailsboundaries.TheBuzzardParkunitslocatedonthegroundsofthePublicWorkscomplexnorthofthegolfcoursehaveprovidedtheresourcesneededtoreduceseasonalovertimecostsandprovideasteadystaffforthetownsseasonaloperations.EagleRiverWaterSanitationDistrictfoundthatproximitycountswhenemployeesneedtorespondtoafter-hoursemergencies.ThetownpartneredwithERWSDtoprovide18for-saleunitscentrallylocatedinVail.Prioritywasgiventocriticalemployeessuchasemergencyresponders.VailCommonsATurningPoint95FromtheoutsetndingajobinVailwaseasy.Thechallengewasndingaplacetolive.Overtimecouchsurngandcarcampingbecameariteopassageormanyyoungworkers.Themunicipalgovernmenthadlongunder-stoodthedilemmaandin1978askedvoterstoconsidercreationoarealestatetransertaxtobeusedoremployeehous-ingaswellasopenspaceandrecreationalorparkpurposes.Themeasureailed.Theconclusionleavehousingtotheprivatesector.By1995withstudiesshowinganalarminggapbetweenanemployeesincomeandthecostohousingMayorPeggyOsterossandtheTownCouncilcourageouslystoodbeorethecom-munityandexpandedtheroleogov-ernment.Thetowngovernmenttheyinsistedmustdeliveremployeehousingacrucialcomponentothelocaleconomy.The6.6-acreVailCommonspropertyacquiredbythetownin1993becamethebattlegroundorthenewhousingpolicy.Plansoramixedusedevelopmentonthesitestirredcommunityemotionsandpromptedpetitionssignedbyhundredsoresidentsopposedtotheproject.Despitetheuprisingandthreatenedlitiga-tiontheTownCouncilstayedthecourseandvoted7-0inSeptember1995tomoveorwardwithconstructiono53or-salehomes18rentalunitsadaycarecenterandaull-servicegro-cerystoreinpartnershipwithCityMarket.Thedevelopmenteventuallygainedacceptancebythecommunityandservedasacatalystoraddi-tionalhousingprojectstobecompletedlaterinthedecade.Vailvotersapprovecharteramendmentrequiringvoteofelectoratetochangeuseordisposeofdes-ignatedopenspace.VailCommonsdeed-restrictedfor-salehousingde-velopment53unitsapprovedinWestVail.Developmentalsoincludesgrocerystoreand18rentalemployeehousingunits.HousingPolicyPlannerstaffpositioncreatedbyTownofVail.EagleBahnGondolareplacesoriginalLionsheadGondola.AdventureRidgeopensonVailMountain.1996WestVailround-aboutsadded.FreeAfter3pilotparkingprogramlaunched.ApolloPartnersownerofVailAssoci-atessince1992ex-pandsgoespublicanddeliversnewnameVailResortsInc.1997AdoptionofLions-headRedevelopmentMasterPlanservesasframeworkforfutureredevelopment.Localwaterprovid-ersdevelopEagleParkReservoirforsnowmakingandcommunitywaterneeds.1998RenovationsmadetoSliferSquareVillageTransportationCenterSeibertCircle.VailhostsWorldAlpineSkiChampionships.Vailvotersapprove1.4lodgingtax.1999LodgingTaxElevatesSummerMarketing99SummerbusinessgotabigboostonNov.21999whenVailselectorateapproveda1.4percentlodgingtaxorsummerandshoulderseasonmarketing.Thevotewas827to233.WhilethetaxhadinitiallybeenstructuredtoincludeAvonandBeaverCreekaVail-onlytaxwaspursuedwhentheotherplayerswithdrewsupport.TodaytheVailLocalMarketingDistrictBoardwhichiscomprisedotheVailTownCouncildetermineshowtheestimated2millioninannualtaxcollectionsaretobespentwithguidancebyapaneloappointedmarketingexperts.Since2000thetaxhasgeneratedmorethan24millionorsummermarketingwhichhasresultedinVailbeingtheleaderinthemountainresortindustrywithyear-roundbrandingandmarketingefortsdomesticallyandinternationally.CartoonistDonSidleshumorappearedregularlyintheVailTrailnewspaperduringthe1990s.allingoodHumorFilmmakerWarrenMillerapart-timeresidentofVailhadoncechastisedtownleadersfortheirdecisiontobuildroundabouts.Thegood-humoredcolumnistchangedhistunefollowingconstructionadmittinghewaswrongasillustratedinhiseatingcrowcartoon.1ARETRoSPECTiVE DroughtFiresandBarkBeetles02BarkbeetleshavealwayslurkedinthelodgepolepineoreststhatblanketthehillsidesinandaroundVail.Oneepidemicfaredintheearly1980s.Butanotherepidemicthatbeganin1996eventuallybecamemonolithictheresultowarmingtemperaturesmaturingor-estsandthentheseveredroughto2002.Thedeadtreesbecamethecatalystoraction.Newbuildingregulationsadoptedbythetownbannedwoodenshake-shin-glesinnewhomesandrequiredfame-resistantshinglesonrooreplacements.Alsopropertyownersinorestedareaswereencouragedtocreatedeensiblespacesaroundbuildings.MostprominentlythetownjoinedwiththeForestServiceandVailResortsin2006tocleardeadanddiseasedtreesromadjacenthillsidesandgaverenewedattentiontothetownsevacuationplan.From2006to2012some10000treeswereremoved.Thecompellingneedorthesemea-sureswasdemonstratedbyawildrethatbrokeoutonaridgeaboveStephensParkintheIntermountainneighborhoodin2009.Therewasquicklycontainedthankstorapidresponseromlocalandregionalagenciesbutitcouldhavebeenmuchworse.ImajorresintheVailareahadbeennearlynon-existentbarkbeetlesanddroughtservednoticethattheywerestillpossibleandgivenenoughtimewithjusttherightcondi-tionsquiteprobable.thetwothousandsFireatVailMarriottcauses21milliondamagelargeststructurefreinVailhistory.BlueSkyBasinopenstoskiersandsnowboarders.EllesonParkopensinWestVail.2000FrothyandFunWhitewaterPark01WitharrivalothenewcenturyVailsetouttoshoreupitsnon-ski-ingeconomy.OneapproachwastomakeGoreCreekmoreoanattractiontokayakersandotherboaters.In2001some600cubicyardsorockwereusedtocre-atetheVailWhitewaterParkbetweentheCoveredBridgeandtheInternationalBridge.DissatisedwithresultsotheinitialdesignduetoGoreCreekshighlyvari-ablefowsthetowncreatedarst-o-a-kindmechanism.Anautomatedsystemusesairtoinfatebladderstovarioussizesdependingonthedailystreamlevel.Thesystemdirectswatertowardthecenterothestructurecreatingawavethatcanbeusedorsurngandvariousotherkayaktricks.ButwhatgoodisawhitewaterparkwithoutamplewaterTosecurerightstothepreerredlargerfowsthetownjoinedtheEagleRiverWaterSanita-tionDistrictinapivotalcourtcaseinColoradothatresultedinachangeinstatelaw.Thenewlawauthorizedanewormowaterrightsorrecreation-alin-streamfows.ThenewlyimprovedWhitewaterParkopeningin2008helpedelevatetheTevaWhitewaterFestivalintotheTevaMountainGamesdesignedtoappealtothegrowinginterestinrockclimbingandotherparticipatorysports.Golstillmatteredbuttonewgenera-tionsthegameswerechanging.FromBlighttoanUnparalledSight03NeverullyinvitingascomparedtoVailVillageLionsheadneededanewaceandanewbodyorthe21stcentury.Anurbanrenewalauthoritythelegaltoolthatoeredthebestleverageornancingcrucialpublicimprovementsalsocarriedthemostrisk.Bystatelawestablishmentothere-newalauthorityrequiredormaldesigna-tionotheaectedareaasblighted.Thelawdenedblightedasunderper-ormingwhichLionsheadwasbutpublicperceptiondritstowardseedywarehousedistrictsandskidrowapartments.CouldVailwithstandtheridiculeandpossiblysacriceitsworld-classreputationbyde-claringLionsheadblightedThetowncalleduponagroupobusinessleaderstohelpevaluateitsprospects.Cautiousatrstthebusinessleadersannouncedtheirsupportaterrealizingtheblightdesigna-tionwouldapplyexclusivelytopublicpropertysuchasinadequatestreetlayoutandineriorutilities.In2003theTownCouncilvotedtocreatetheVailReinvestmentAuthority.Thisallowedincrementaltaxesresult-ingromtheupgradesestimatedat14millionto16milliontobeplowedbackintoimprovementsopublicpropertywithintheLionsheaddistrict.Theseim-provementscoincidedwithprivatesectorinvestmentsincludingArrabelleatVailSquareandrehabsandacelitsormanyolderlodges.MemoriesoblightrecededasthispartnershipopublicpolicyandprivateenterpriseproducedatriumphanewLionsheadonethatlookedandoperateddierentlyaplacewherepeoplewantedtobe.UCIMountainBikeWorldChampionshipsreturntoVail.VailChildCareCenteropensinWestVail.VailWhitewaterParkopens.VailFarmersMarketdebuts.2001Votersapproveconerencecentertaxpackage.Retromanholecoversintroduced.VailReinvestmentAuthoritycreatedallowsTaxIncrementFinancingtoundLionsheadpublicprojects.2002JohnF.DonovanParkandPavilionopensjoiningFordParkasVailssecondlarge-scalecommunitypark.Townacquires198-unitTimberRidgecomplextopreservepropertysdeed-re-strictedemployeehousingdesignation.2003VailVillagestreetscapeimprove-mentswithheatedcobbledpaversin-stalledtocoincidewithredevelopment.MiddleCreekVillageApartmentsopenswith142rentalunits.VailMemorialParkopens.2004ArrabelleatVailSquarebreaksground.Votersdeeataddi-tionaltaxesorconer-encecenter.VailGymnasticsCenteropens.ExpansionoVailMountainSchoolcomplete.2005DynamicleadershipinourcommunityhasocusedoncontinuingVailssuccessasevidencedbythephysicalrenaissanceoourtown.TheoresightandfscalingenuityopriorgenerationshasallowedortherevitalizationotheVailbrandandcontinuedprosperityduringchallengingeconomictimes.anydyMayor011-currenttHEarrabEllEVailsBillionDollarRenewalbeganinearnestwhenthedevelopmentapplicationfortheArrabelleatVailSquarewasapprovedbytheTownCouncilinApril2004.CompetitorsatVailsWhitewaterPark.Waterrightscaseinitiatedhistoric2007settlementeliminatesDenverWatersrighttodivertromGoreCreek.1VailsFirst50196-01 Firsto10hybridbusesaddedtoVailTransitfeet.VailsTobyDawsonearnsreestylemogulsbronzeatWinterOlympicsinTurinItaly.2006Votersapprovecon-structionusetax.Townrequiresbear-prootrashcontainers.2007Holiday-treedecorationsconvertedtoenergy-ecientLEDswhichuseupto80percentlessenergythanincandescent.Morethan25-milesoLEDlightsusedtodecorateVailsroundaboutsplazasandotherpublicspaces.2008Loadinganddeliveryregulationsrevisedtoincludeincreaseduseoundergrounddeliv-erybaysandlimitedon-streetparking.GroundbreakingorArosaDrivedeed-restrictedduplexontownlandinWestVail.2009CommunityGar-denopens.VailFireStationNo.3opens.VotersapproveConerenceCenterFundreallocation.VailhostsUSAProCyclingChallengeTimeTrial.2011PublicceremonyonDec.15com-memoratesopeningoVailMountain50yearsearlier.2012VotErsaFFirmHigHErbiggErsolarisTheSlarsdevelpmentwhchreplacedCrssradsnValVllagemadehstryrtsuncnventnalapprvalprcess.AteralngtgettwncunclapprvaldevelperPeterKnbelreerredtheprjecttapublcvteaspermttedbythetwncharter.AtthespecalelectnheldnJuly006vtersbyamargn1110t67apprvedthehgher-rsngmxcndmnumsandshps.itwasthemstvtescastnanytwnelectn.Alsntablewasthewell-rganzedcampagnnsupprttheprject.Amvetheaterbwlngalleyandutdrcernkwereaddedaspublcbeneftsnexchangerdevatnsrmunderlyngznng.Theprjectpenedn010.GrittyRealtyinGoreCreek08The15000cubicyardsosandspreadonInterstate70eachwintertogivemotoristscrossingVailPasstractionwasnotanimmediatethreat.Butpebblebypebblethesandhadtrickledromthehighwaytothevalleybelowandby2000abizarrebeach-likelandscapewasevidentalongBlackGoreCreek.Inplacesthesandwasseveraleetthickandtheimpactsweredisturbing.WithsupportromthetowngovernmenttheEagleRiverWaterSanitationDistrictandEagleRiverWatershedCouncilbeganworkingwiththeColoradoDepartmentoTransportationtheU.S.ForestServiceandotherstondsolutions.Eachyearsandromalongthehighwaywassweptupbeoreitcouldtrickleintothevalleybelow.Also58sedimentbasinswereinstalledalongthehighwayin2008totrapthesandsoitcouldberemovedinsummer.Allhavehelped.ButGoreCreekacesbroaderthreatsasthetownanditspartnersworktoreduceimpactstothecreekrestoreitsnaturalunctionsandimprovewaterquality.UnafectedisitsstatusasaGoldMedaltroutstream.BoldMarketinginFaceofRecession08WhentheGreatRecessionhitVailintheourthquartero2008oneoptionwastohunkerdowntrimspendingandrideoutthestorm.Anotherwastobebold.TheTownCouncilchosethelatterelectingtomountawintermarketingcampaignsomethingtraditionallyletentirelytoVailResortsandindividualbusinesses.Followingtheendorsementbyacitizensgroupthetownappropriated550000toundacampaigndesignedtodrawovernightguestsromtheFrontRange.ThisVailAlltheLovecampaignrepresentedoneothelargestpartnershipseverundertakenbythelodgingretailandrestaurantsectors.ThecampaignnotonlyenabledVailtoretainaleadershippositioninlodgingandtourismactivitycomparedwithitsresortcompetitorsbutalsoservedasacatalystoryear-roundbrandmarketingcoordinationwithVailResorts.TheefortsalongwiththetimingoVailsrealestaterenewalhavekepttheresortinacompetitiveposition.DistantNoMoreWestVailFireStation09AteryearsostudyandindecisionTownCouncilmembersapprovedconstructionotheWestVailFireStationin2009.AspredictedresponsetimestocallsvastlyimprovedaterStationNo.3openedin2011deliveringgreatersecuri-tyinthecommunityswesternneighbor-hoodsparticularlygiventheheightenedworriesabouttheriskowildres.Theneedorastationwasrstidenti-edduringtheWestVailannexationin1980.EverVailReadyforNextSteps12LookingtopositionVailasaleaderamongmountainresortsorthenext50yearstheTownCouncilgaveVailResortsDevelopmentCompanyper-missiontopursueitsEverVailmixed-usedevelopmentinDecember2012.Thepairoenablingvotescameatermorethan80publicmeetingsspreadacrossveyearsasthecommunityreviewedplansorthenewportaltoVailMountain.Thegondolaterminalresidentialandcommercialrealestateandothercomponentswouldbebuiltona13-acresiteinWestLionshead.Thetownsconceptualapprovalisgoodoreightyears.EverVailstillrequiressite-specicplans.Asnowdeneditrepresentsthelargestredevelopmentinthetownshistory.EverVailrendering.JackAfeckJackAfeckGoreCreekwaterprotectionshavebecomeacommunitypriority.GondolaOne1replacingtheVistaBahnopensinVailVillageasSheikaGramshammerleadstheopeningdaycelebration.JackAfeck15ARETRoSPECTiVE VailTowncouncilmembers1966TedKindelMayorMitchHoytMayorProTemJohnDonovanMayorProTemLarryBurdickJohnDobsonJoeLangmaidPeterSeibertHarryWillett1968JohnDobsonMayorJoeLangmaidMayorProTemDickBaileyJohnDonovanJohnKaemmerTedKindelPeterSeibertTomSteinberg1970JohnDobsonMayorTomSteinbergMayorProTemChuckAndersonDickBaileyJohnDonovanClayFreemanGerryWhite1972JohnDobsonMayorTedKindelMayorProTemTomSteinbergMayorProTemDickBaileyJohnDonovanJoeLangmaidJoseStauerGerryWhite1973JohnDobsonMayorGerryWhiteMayorProTemJohnDonovanKathyKlugJoeLangmaidJoseStauerTomSteinberg1975JohnDobsonMayorJoseStauerMayorProTemJohnDonovanBillHeimbachKathyKlugBobRuderBillWilto1977RodSlierMayorJohnDonovanMayorProTemBillHeimbachScottHopmanKathleenKlugPaulaPalmateerBobRuderTomSteinbergBillWilto1979RodSlierMayorBillWiltoMayorProTemBudBenedictJohnDonovanScottHopmanPaulJohnstonPaulaPalmateerBobRuderTomSteinbergRonTodd1981RodSlierMayorBillWiltoMayorProTemChuckAndersonPaulJohnstonBobRuderHermannStauerRonToddGailWahrlich1983RodSlierMayorPaulJohnstonMayorProTemChuckAndersonColleenKlineKentRoseHermannStauerGailWahrlich1985PaulJohnstonMayorKentRoseMayorProTemEricAfeldtDanCorcoranGordonPierceJohnSlevinHermannStauerGailWahrlich-Lowenthal1987KentRoseMayorJohnSlevinMayorProTemEricAfeldtMichaelCacioppoMervLapinGordonPierceTomSteinbergGailWahrlich-Lowenthal1989KentRoseMayorTomSteinbergMayorProTemLynnFritzlenJimGibsonMervLapinRobLeVinePeggyOsteross1991PeggyOsterossMayorMervLapinMayorProTemBobBuckleyJimGibsonRobLeVineJimShearerTomSteinberg1993PeggyOsterossMayorMervLapinMayorProTemPaulJohnstonSybillNavasJimShearerRodSlierTomSteinbergJanStrauch1995BobArmourMayorSybillNavasMayorProTemKevinFoleyRobFordMichaelJewettPaulJohnstonLudwigKurzPeggyOsteross1997RobFordMayorLudwigKurzMayorProTemBobArmourMichaelArnettKevinFoleyMichaelJewettSybillNavas1999LudwigKurzMayorSybillNavasMayorProTemDianaDonovanKevinFoleyRobFordChuckOgilbyGregMofetRodSlier2001LudwigKurzMayorRodSlierMayorProTemDickClevelandDianaDonovanBillJewettGregMofetChuckOgilby2003RodSlierMayorDickClevelandMayorProTemDianaDonovanFarrowHittLudwigKurzKentLoganGregMofetKimNewburyRuotolo2005RodSlierMayorFarrowHittMayorProTemKevinFoleyMarkGordonKentLoganGregMofetKimNewbury2007DickClevelandMayorAndyDalyMayorProTemKevinFoleyMarkGordonFarrowHittKimNewburyMargaretRogers2009DickClevelandMayorKimNewburyMayorProTemAndyDalyKerryDonovanKevinFoleyMargaretRogersSusieTjossem2011AndyDalyMayorLudwigKurzMayorProTemKerryDonovanKevinFoleyGregMofetMargaretRogersSusieTjossemVailTownmanagersBlakeLynch1966-70TerryMinger1970-79RichCaplan1979-84RonPhillips1984-93BobMcLaurin1993-2003StanZemler2003-currenttownleadershipJackAeckLetSevenoVails11mayorsposeoranhistoricphotoduringVails50thAnniversary.ShownarelettorightBobArmourKentRoseRodSlierPeggyOsterossAndyDalyDickClevelandandLudwigKurz.BelowlettorightViewoGoreRangeromVailVillagesummerbusinessinLionsheadiceskatingattheInteraithChapelPresidentFordwithBarbaraParkerandJohnandDianaDonovanandbicycleraceinVailVillage.TomGreenElectedorappointedmid-term.PerTownCharterelectionschangedfromspringtofallplusstaggeredtermsestablished.